amfAR — The Foundation for AIDS Research
ANRS — National Agency for Research on AIDS and Viral Hepatitis (France)
ARC — Australian Research Council
ART — Anti-retroviral therapy
ARV — Anti-retroviral
ASPIRE — A Study to Prevent Infection with a Ring for Extended Use
BMGF — Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation
BMS — Bristol-Meyers Squibb
bNAB — Broadly neutralizing antibody
BV — Bacterial vaginosis
CANFAR — Canadian Foundation for AIDS Research
CDC — US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
CEPI — Coalition for Epidemic Preparedness
CHVI — Canadian HIV Vaccine Initiative
CIDA — Canadian International Development Agency
CIHR — Canadian Institutes of Health Research
COP — Country Operational Plan
CROI — Conference on Retroviruses and Opportunistic Infections
DAH — Development assistance for health
DANIDA — Danish International Development Agency
DBT — Department of Biotechnology at India’s Ministry of Science and Technology
DFID — UK Department for International Development
DIB — Development Impact Bond
DOH — Department of Health
DREAMS — Determined, Resilient, Empowered, AIDS-free, Mentored, and Safe women
DST — Department of Science and Technology, South Africa
EAVI2020 — European AIDS Vaccine Initiative
EC — European Commission
ECHO — Evidence for Contraceptive Options and HIV Outcomes
EDCTP — European and Developing Countries Clinical Trials Partnership
EHVA — European HIV Vaccine Alliance
EIMC — Early infant male circumcision
FDA — US Food and Drug Administration
FRESH — Females Rising through Education, Support, and Health
FSW — Female sex workers
GIS — Geographic information systems
GSK — Glaxo SmithKline
HOPE — HIV Open-label Prevention extension trial
HPTN — HIV Prevention Trials Network
HPV — Human papillomavirus
HSV — Herpes simplex virus
HVTN — HIV Vaccine Trials Network
IAS — International AIDS Society
IAVI — International AIDS Vaccine Initiative
ICMR — Indian Council of Medical Research
IHME — Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation
IMF — International Monetary Fund
IMPT — Initiative for Multipurpose Prevention Technologies
IPM — International Partnership for Microbicides
KP — Key population
LAI — Long-acting injectable
LMIC — Lower-middle-income country
MDG — Millennium Development Goal
MHRP — US Military HIV Research Program
MPT — Multipurpose prevention technology
MRC — UK Medical Research Council
MSM — Men who have sex with men
MTN — Microbicide Trials Network
NEMAPP — National Evaluation of Malawi’s PMTCT programme
NHMRC — Australian National Health & Medical Research Council
NIAID — US National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases
NIH — US National Institutes of Health
Norad — Norwegian Agency for Development Cooperation
OAR — US NIH Office of AIDS Research
ODA — Official Development Assistance
OECD — Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development
OFID — OPEC Fund for International Development
OHTN — Ontario HIV Treatment Network
OPEC — Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries
P5 — Pox-Protein Public-Private Partnership
PDP — Product development partnership
PEPFAR — US President’s Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief
PHAC — Public Health Agency of Canada
PMTCT — Prevention of vertical transmission
POWER — Prevention Options for Women’s Evaluation Research
PrEP — Pre-exposure prophylaxis
R&D — Research & development
SA DOH — South African Department of Health
SDG — Sustainable Development Goal
SIDA — Swedish Agency for International Cooperation Development
SIDACTION — Association de lutte contre le sida
SNSF — Swiss National Science Foundation
START — Strategic Timing of AntiRetroviral Treatment study
TasP — Treatment as prevention
TDF — Tenofovir
TDF/FTC — Tenofovir/Emtricitabine
TEMPRANO — A Trial of Early Antiretrovirals and Isoniazid Preventive Therapy in Africa
TPP — Target Product Profiles
UAFC — Universal Access to Female Condoms Joint Programme
UK — United Kingdom
UMIC — Upper-middle-income country
UNAIDS — Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS
US — United States
USAID — US Agency for International Development
USD — United States dollar
UTI — Urinary tract infections
VMMC — Voluntary Medical Male Circumcision
VOICE — Vaginal and Oral Interventions to Control the Epidemic
VRC — US Vaccine Research Center
WHO — World Health Organization